“A” Words Your Veterinarian Uses

 Elite Equine Drug Compoundingabscess: an infection around which the body has constructed a wall of fibrous tissue, to isolate it. Treatment with antibiotics is more likey to
be effective if drainage of the abscess can be established, eliminating
accumulated pus and debris.
action: a horse’s manner of moving.
acupressure: utilizing stimulation on acupuncture points to treat an
animal.
acupuncture: a centuries-old means of treating an animal or human through
use of needles, electrical current, or moxibustion (heat and herbs) to
stimulate or realign the body’s electrical fields.
acute: referring to a disease: An acute disease is a disease of short,
sharp course.
age: many breeds, including Thoroughbreds and Quarter Horses, celebrate a
common birthday on Jan 1.agent: a person empowered to transact business for a stable owner or
jockey, or empowered to sell or buy horses for an owner or breeder.
AHS: African Horse Sickness.
all out: when a horse extends itself to the utmost.
alternative therapy: a group of therapies (acupuncture, chiropractic,
physical therapy, herbology, naturopathy) that help maintain the horse’s
health and performance but without using medication.
angular limb deformities: a limb that is crooked because of developmental
problems in the angles of the joints. A problem of young horses, often
present immediately after birth.
anhydrosis: inability to sweat in response to work or an increase in body
temperature. Also known as a “non-sweater.” Athletic horses are affected
most frequently, though the condition also appears in pastured horses that
are not being ridden. Most commonly occurs when both temperature and
humidity are high. Horses raised in temperate regions and then transported
to hot climates are most prone to develop the condition, but even
acclimated horses can be at risk. Clinical signs include inability to
sweat, increased respiratory rate, elevated body temperature and decreased
exercise tolerance. The condition can be reversed if the horse is moved to
a more temperate climate.
anterior enteritis: acute inflammation of the small intestine producing
signs of abdominal distress such as colic and diarrhea.
anterior: toward the front of the horse’s body.
aortic rupture: bursting of the aorta (artery coming from the left
ventricle of the heart that distributes blood to nearly all of the body).
apical (fracture): see sesamoids.
arthritis: inflammation of a joint. An increase in the amount of synovial
fluid in the joint is a result of the inflammation. Accumulation of
synovial fluid in the fetlock joint is called a “wind puff” or “wind
gall.” See also “green osselet.”
arthroscope: a tiny tube of lenses used for viewing areas inside a joint.
Usually attached to a small video camera.
arthroscopic surgery: surgery performed through the use of an arthroscope
which eliminates the need to open the joint with a large incision in order
to view the damaged area.
articular cartilage: cartilage that covers the ends of bones where they
meet in a joint.
artificial breeding: includes artificial insemination or embryo transfer
(transplant).
arytenoid cartilages: triangular cartilages in the upper part of the
entrance to the larynx. Movements of the arytenoids cartilages control the
diameter of the laryngeal opening.
ataxia: loss or failure of muscular coordination.
atrophy: to waste away, usually used in describing muscles.
avermectin: a class of dewormer products. The equine product ivermectin is
a member of this class.

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