“Q and R” Words Your Veterinarian Uses

 Elite Equine Kids and Horses Kansas 2quarantine barn: 1) a U.S. Department of Agriculture structure used to
isolate foreign horses for a short period of time to ensure they are not
carrying any disease. The structure may be at a racetrack, airport or
specially designated facility. Horses must be cleared by a federal
veterinarian before being released from quarantine. 2) any facility used
to keep infected horses away from the general equine population.
quarter crack: a vertical crack in the hoof wall between the toe and heel
of the hoof, usually extending into coronary band.
Quarter Horse: American Quarter Horse, preferred terminology of the
American Quarter Horse Association, the registering body. Descended from
Thoroughbreds and Spanish Barb bloodlines, the quarter horse is the most
popular breed in the world with more than three million horses registered.
It excels at virtually every equestrian sport and is known for its innate
“cow sense,” making it the ideal ranch horse.
quicked: a horse is “quicked” when a hoof is trimmed too short or when a
horseshoe nail is driven into the quick or sensitive lamina of the hoof.
In many cases, the horse flinches or pulls back when the quick occurs.
Within a few days, some cases develop tenderness and mild to moderate
lameness due to developing infection in the area. Treatment involves
removal of the offending nail, if applicable, cleansing the hole and
application of a poultice to draw out remaining contamination.
quidding: the spitting out of partially chewed wads of food. Quidding is a
sign of a dental problem and/or difficulty swallowing.
radiograph: the picture or image on film generated by X-rays.
rainrot: a crusting skin disorder affecting your horse’s saddle area, with
tufts of crusted-together hair easily pulled out, leaving a raw crater.
The causative organism, which has characteristics of both bacteria and
fungi, tends to thrive in wet weather when the skin is waterlogged and
less capable of fighting infection. It can spread to other horses by the
use of contaminated grooming tools. Treatment usually is softening and
removal of scabs, disinfection of affected area with iodine or
chlorhexidine-based shampoos or rinses, strict hygiene and provision of
dry shelter and disinfection of grooming tools. Severe or persistent cases
might also be treated with systemic antibiotics.
RBC: Red Blood Cell Count
recumbent: lying down, reclining.
red roan: more or less uniform mixture of white with red hairs on a large
portion of the body of the American Quarter horse, but ususally darker on
head and lower legs; can have red, black or flaxen mane and tail.
reins: long straps, usually made from leather, that are connected to the
bit and used by the rider to control the horse.
reserve: a minimum price, set by the consignor, for a horse in a public
respiratory system: organ system responsible for transporting air from
nostrils to lungs and for absorption of oxygen and excretion of carbon
 ride short: using short stirrups.
ridgling (“rig”): a term describing either a cryptorchid or a monorchid.
Also spelled “ridgeling.”
ring bone: osteoarthritis of joints between the pastern bones (“high ring
bone”) or just above the coronet (“low ring bone”).
ringworm: a fungal infection of the horse’s skin, contagious to other
horses and to other animals (including humans). The main sign of ringworm
is patchy hair loss without itching. Treatment can include clipping hair
from affected areas, daily bathing with iodine-based shampoo, possible
application of topical antifungal preparations after each bath, strict
maintenance of dry shelter and exposure to sunlight whenever possible. For
severe cases, oral administration of anti-fungal medications may be
roan: a horse color where the majority of the coat of the horse is a
mixture of red and white hairs or brown and white hairs. The mane, tail
and legs may be black, chestnut or roan unless white markings are present.
roaring (laryngeal hemiplegia): a whistling sound made by a horse during
inhalation while exercising. It is caused by a partial or total paralysis
of the nerves controlling the muscles that elevate the larynx. In severe
cases, a surgical procedure known as laryngoplasty or “tie back surgery”
is performed, in which a suture is inserted through the cartilage to hold
it out of the airway permanently. Paralysis almost exclusively occurs on
the left side, most frequently in horses over 16 hands high.
rogue: ill-tempered horse.
run down: abrasions of the heel.

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